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6th World Congress on Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, will be organized around the theme “Exploring entities in the field of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry ”

Physical Chemistry Congress 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Physical Chemistry Congress 2018

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Thermochemistry is the study of the heat energy associated with chemical reactions and/or physical transformations. A reaction may release or absorb energy, and a phase change may do the same, such as in melting and boiling. Thermochemistry focuses on these energy changes, particularly on the system's energy exchange with its surroundings. Thermochemistry is useful in predicting reactant and product quantities throughout the course of a given reaction. In combination with entropy determinations, it is also used to predict whether a reaction is spontaneous or non-spontaneous, favorable or unfavorable.

Endothermic reactions absorb heat, while exothermic reactions release heat. Thermochemistry coalesces the concepts of thermodynamics with the concept of energy in the form of chemical bonds. The subject commonly includes calculations of such quantities as heat capacity, heat of combustionheat of formationenthalpyentropyfree energy, and calories.

 

  • Track 1-1Thermodynamics
  • Track 1-2Cryochemistry
  • Track 1-3Thermodynamic databases for pure substances
  • Track 1-4Julius Thomsen
  • Track 1-5Thomsen-Berthelot principle
  • Track 1-6Principle of maximum work
  • Track 1-7Isodesmic reaction
  • Track 1-8Differential scanning calorimetry
  • Track 1-9Calorimetry
  • Track 1-10Reaction Calorimeter

In 1864, Peter Waage and Cato Guldberg pioneered the development of chemical kinetics by formulating the law of mass action. Chemical kinetics, also known as reaction kinetics, is the study of rates of chemical processes. Chemical kinetics includes investigations of how different experimental conditions can influence the speed of a chemical reaction and yield information about the reaction's mechanism and transition states, as well as the construction of mathematical models that can describe the characteristics of a chemical reaction.

 

  • Track 2-1Reaction Rate
  • Track 2-2Modeling Laboratory (MLAB)
  • Track 2-3Reaction progress kinetic analysis
  • Track 2-4Nonthermal surface reaction
  • Track 2-5Intrinsic low-dimensional manifold
  • Track 2-6Heterogeneous catalysis
  • Track 2-7Electrochemical kinetics
  • Track 2-8Detonation
  • Track 2-9Free Energy
  • Track 2-10Equilibrium
  • Track 2-11Affecting factors of reaction rate
  • Track 2-12Potter’s Wheel

Electrochemistry is the branch of physical chemistry that studies the relationship between electricity, as a measurable and quantitative phenomenon, and identifiable chemical change, with either electricity considered an outcome of a particular chemical change or vice versa. These reactions involve charges moving between electrodes and an electrolyte (or ionic species in a solution). Thus, electrochemistry deals with the interaction between electrical energy and chemical change.

When a chemical reaction is caused by an externally supplied current, as in electrolysis, or if an electric current is produced by a spontaneous chemical reaction as in a battery, it is called an electrochemical reaction. Chemical reactions where electrons are transferred directly between molecules and/or atoms are called oxidation-reduction or (redox) reactions. In general, electrochemistry describes the overall reactions when individual redox reactions are separate but connected by an external electric circuit and an intervening electrolyte.

 

  • Track 3-1Electrolysis
  • Track 3-2Electrochemical energy conversion
  • Track 3-3Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • Track 3-4Bipolar electrochemistry
  • Track 3-5Photo electrochemistry
  • Track 3-6Nano electrochemistry
  • Track 3-7Magneto electrochemistry
  • Track 3-8Electrosynthesis
  • Track 3-9Bio electromagnetism
  • Track 3-10Bio electrochemistry
  • Track 3-11Corrosion
  • Track 3-12Fuel cells
  • Track 3-13Battery
  • Track 3-14Cell concentration
  • Track 3-15Cell potential
  • Track 3-16Voltammetry
  • Track 3-17Electrochemical Cells
  • Track 3-18Cyclic Voltammetry

Photochemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned with the chemical effects of light. Generally, this term is used to describe a chemical reaction caused by absorption of ultraviolet (wavelength from 100 to 400 nm), visible light (400 – 750 nm) or infrared radiation (750 – 2500 nm).

In nature, photochemistry is of immense importance as it is the basis of photosynthesis, vision, and the formation of vitamin D with sunlight. Photochemical reactions proceed differently than temperature-driven reactions. Photochemical paths access high energy intermediates that cannot be generated thermally, thereby overcoming large activation barriers in a short period of time, and allowing reactions otherwise inaccessible by thermal processes. Photochemistry is also destructive, as illustrated by the photodegradation of plastics.

 

  • Track 4-1Photosynthesis
  • Track 4-2Photochemical logic gate
  • Track 4-3Photoelectrochemical cell
  • Track 4-4Photonic molecule
  • Track 4-5Photo alkylation
  • Track 4-6Photoresist
  • Track 4-7Photodynamic Therapy
  • Track 4-8Photodegradation
  • Track 4-9Photoelectric effect
  • Track 4-10Inorganic Photochemistry
  • Track 4-11Organic Photochemistry
  • Track 4-12Bioluminescence
  • Track 4-13Phosphorescence
  • Track 4-14Fluorescence
  • Track 4-15Photo geochemistry

Computational chemistry is a branch of chemistry that uses computer simulation to assist in solving chemical problems. It uses methods of theoretical chemistry, incorporated into efficient computer programs, to calculate the structures and properties of molecules and solids. It is necessary because, apart from relatively recent results concerning the hydrogen molecular ion, the quantum many-body problem cannot be solved analytically, much less in closed form. While computational results normally complement the information obtained by chemical experiments, it can in some cases predict hitherto unobserved chemical phenomena. It is widely used in the design of new drugs and materials.

 

  • Track 5-1Computational studies
  • Track 5-2Band Structure
  • Track 5-3Molecular mechanics
  • Track 5-4Semi-empirical quantum chemistry methods
  • Track 5-5Density functional theory
  • Track 5-6Ab initio methods
  • Track 5-7Geometry Optimization
  • Track 5-8Cheminformatics
  • Track 5-9Machine Learning
  • Track 5-10Catalysis
  • Track 5-11Drug Design
  • Track 5-12Biomolecular Modeling

The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids. The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment, when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistryphysics, and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy. Materials science still incorporates elements of physics, chemistry, and engineering. As such, the field was long considered by academic institutions as a sub-field of these related fields. Beginning in the 1940s, materials science began to be more widely recognized as a specific and distinct field of science and engineering, and major technical universities around the world created dedicated schools of the study, within either the Science or Engineering schools, hence the naming.

 

  • Track 6-1Structural Science
  • Track 6-2Manufacturing Technology
  • Track 6-3Nanotechnology
  • Track 6-4Semiconductors
  • Track 6-5Polymers
  • Track 6-6Composites
  • Track 6-7Biomaterials
  • Track 6-8Nanomaterials
  • Track 6-9Chemical Bonding
  • Track 6-10Crystallography
  • Track 6-11Advanced Materials Science

Quantum chemistry is a branch of chemistry whose primary focus is the application of quantum mechanics in physical models and experiments of chemical systems. It is also called molecular quantum mechanics. It involves heavy interplay of experimental and theoretical methods.

Experimental quantum chemists rely heavily on spectroscopy, through which information regarding the quantization of energy on a molecular scale can be obtained.

Theoretical quantum chemistry, the workings of which also tend to fall under the category of computational chemistry, seeks to calculate the predictions of quantum theory as atoms and molecules can only have discrete energies; as this task, when applied to polyatomic species, invokes the many-body problem, these calculations are performed using computers rather than by analytical "back of the envelope" methods, pen recorder or computerized data station with a VDU. In these ways, quantum chemists investigate chemical phenomena.

 

  • Track 7-1Electronic Structure
  • Track 7-2Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy
  • Track 7-3Quantum Biochemistry
  • Track 7-4Quantum Thermodynamics
  • Track 7-5Quantum Theory of Radiation
  • Track 7-6Scattering Theory
  • Track 7-7Atomic Modeling
  • Track 7-8Photons
  • Track 7-9Infra-Red Spectroscopy
  • Track 7-10Chemical Dynamics
  • Track 7-11Scanning Probe Microscopy

Surface science is the study of physical and chemical phenomena that occur at the interface of two phases, including solid–liquid interfaces, solid–gas interfaces, solid–vacuum interfaces, and liquid–gas interfaces. It includes the fields of surface chemistry and surface physics. Some related practical applications are classed as surface engineering. The science encompasses concepts such as heterogeneous catalysissemiconductor device fabrication, fuel cellsself-assembled monolayers, and adhesives. Surface science is closely related to interface and colloid science. Interfacial chemistry and physics are common subjects for both. The methods are different. In addition, interface and colloid science studies macroscopic phenomena that occur in heterogeneous systems due to peculiarities of interfaces.

 

  • Track 8-1Interface chemistry
  • Track 8-2Surface Contact Mechanics
  • Track 8-3Friction Modifier
  • Track 8-4Surface Friction
  • Track 8-5Surface finishing
  • Track 8-6Surface modification
  • Track 8-7Surface phenomenon
  • Track 8-8Surface Analysis Technique
  • Track 8-9Surface Physics
  • Track 8-10Micromeritics
  • Track 8-11Additive Technology

Solid-state chemistry, also sometimes referred to as materials chemistry, is the study of the synthesis, structure, and properties of solid phase materials, particularly, but not necessarily exclusively of, non-molecular solids. It therefore has a strong overlap with solid-state physicsmineralogycrystallographyceramicsmetallurgythermodynamicsmaterials science and electronics with a focus on the synthesis of novel materials and their characterization.

 

  • Track 9-1Crystallography
  • Track 9-2Solid State Synthesis
  • Track 9-3Organic Synthesis
  • Track 9-4Structural Characterization
  • Track 9-5Conduction
  • Track 9-6Magnetism
  • Track 9-7Solid phase characterization
  • Track 9-8Solid state physics

Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation. Historically, spectroscopy originated through the study of visible light dispersed according to its wavelength, by a prism. Later the concept was expanded greatly to include any interaction with radiative energy as a function of its wavelength or frequency. Spectroscopic data are often represented by an emission spectrum, a plot of the response of interest as a function of wavelength or frequency.

 

  • Track 10-1X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
  • Track 10-2Saturated spectroscopy
  • Track 10-3Raman spectroscopy
  • Track 10-4Raman optical activity
  • Track 10-5Pump-probe spectroscopy
  • Track 10-6Photothermal spectroscopy
  • Track 10-7Photoemission spectroscopy
  • Track 10-8Photoacoustic spectroscopy
  • Track 10-9Neutron spin echo spectroscopy
  • Track 10-10Scanning tunneling spectroscopy
  • Track 10-11Spectrophotometry
  • Track 10-12Spin noise spectroscopy
  • Track 10-13Video spectroscopy
  • Track 10-14Vibrational circular dichroism spectroscopy
  • Track 10-15Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy
  • Track 10-16Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy
  • Track 10-17Transient grating spectroscopy
  • Track 10-18Thermal infrared spectroscopy
  • Track 10-19Time-Stretch Spectroscopy
  • Track 10-20Time-resolved spectroscopy
  • Track 10-21Multivariate optical computing
  • Track 10-22Mössbauer spectroscopy
  • Track 10-23Dual polarization interferometry
  • Track 10-24Deep-level transient spectroscopy
  • Track 10-25Correlation spectroscopy
  • Track 10-26Cold vapour atomic fluorescence spectroscopy
  • Track 10-27Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy
  • Track 10-28Circular Dichroism
  • Track 10-29Cavity ring down spectroscopy
  • Track 10-30Auger spectroscopy
  • Track 10-31Electron phenomenological spectroscopy
  • Track 10-32EPR spectroscopy
  • Track 10-33Force spectroscopy
  • Track 10-34Mass spectroscopy
  • Track 10-35Laser spectroscopy
  • Track 10-36Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
  • Track 10-37Inelastic neutron scattering
  • Track 10-38Inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy
  • Track 10-39Hyperspectral imaging
  • Track 10-40Hadron spectroscopy
  • Track 10-41Fourier transform spectroscopy
  • Track 10-42Acoustic resonance spectroscopy

Biophysical chemistry is a physical science that uses the concepts of physics and physical chemistry for the study of biological systems. The most common feature of the research in this subject is to seek explanation of the various phenomena in biological systems in terms of either the molecules that make up the system or the supra-molecular structure of these systems.

 

  • Track 11-1Biphotonic
  • Track 11-2Cryobiology
  • Track 11-3studies of ribosomes
  • Track 11-4studies of protein structure
  • Track 11-5studies of functional structure of cell membranes
  • Track 11-6studies of enzyme action
  • Track 11-7studies of model supramolecular structures

Biophysical techniques methods used for gaining information about biological systems on an atomic or molecular level. They overlap with methods from many other branches of science. The most common feature of the research in this subject is to seek explanation of the various phenomena in biological systems in terms of either the molecules that make up the system or the supra-molecular structure of these systems.

 

  • Track 12-1Calcium imaging
  • Track 12-2Ultracentrifugation
  • Track 12-3Colorimetry
  • Track 12-4Small angle X-ray scattering
  • Track 12-5Magnetic tweezers
  • Track 12-6Optical tweezers
  • Track 12-7Neuroimaging
  • Track 12-8Atomic force microscopy
  • Track 12-9Microscale Thermophoresis
  • Track 12-10Gel electrophoresis
  • Track 12-11Electron microscopy
  • Track 12-12Electrophysiology
  • Track 12-13Dual Polarisation Interferometry
  • Track 12-14Circular Dichroism
  • Track 12-15Chromatography
  • Track 12-16X-ray crystallography